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˙ʇɥƃıs ɟo ʇno ʇsnɾ `ɹoɹɹıɯ ǝɥʇ ɟo ǝpıs ɹǝɥʇO
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While African-American suspects had been arrested in 54 percent of murders, 55 percent of thefts and 49 percent of assaults, television stations including WCBS, WNBC, WABC and WNYW have featured coverage of crimes that are predominantly committed by black people. The stations covered murders of which 68 percent of the suspects were African-American, 80 percent of the suspects of thefts were African-American, and 72 percent of the suspects of assaults were African-American.
No one there understood why the police attacked. Before then, police hadn’t discouraged protesters from walking down Florissant Avenue. The midnight curfew was hours away. Prior to the police attack, neither I, nor anyone with whom I spoke, had seen any violation of the law. The only violence I witnessed resulted from a disproportionate and relentless assault by an unnecessarily militarized police force.

fanculturesfancreativity:

ofhouseadama:

A brief history of fandom, for the teenagers on here who somehow think tumblr invented fandom:

  • 1960s: with the advent of Star Trek, fandom moves into the public sphere for the first time with a television in almost every home, creating a large group of people all excited about one thing. Beforehand, fans mostly had relationships with the author, not with each other. Obviously there were groups and conventions, but Star Trek was the beginning of an independent, interactive, saturated fandom culture. 
  • This means in the coming years: conventions, mailing groups (both public and private), fan magazines, and fanfiction presses. 
  • Yeah this pretty much remains the deal until the internet gets put into every home in the 90s. 
  • EXAMPLES OF BIG FUCKING DEAL FANDOMS, 90s EDITION: X-Files, Xena, Star Trek, Star Wars, ASoIaF, The West Wing, Buffy
  • So with the internet, this really cool thing happened: Geocities. And then Yahoo groups. Early fanfiction archives. Back in the day, fandoms had to create their own private spaces. This made fandoms on the internet smaller and less accessible than fanzine operated ones. However, since fans on the internet didn’t have to pass through an editorial board to publish their fic, it was the beginning of the democratization of fandom. 
  • In 1998, fanfiction.net was launched to compete with the hundreds of independent, fandom-oriented fanfiction archives. More democratization, although fanfiction was marketed on how many reviews one had. You had to, like today, “break into the market.” 
  • In 1999, Livejournal was launched. Fans created communities and their own private journals which was like woah, we have our own places to store our own fic? And can cross-post them places? However, with Livejournal came the idea of the internet-based BNF: big name fan. Since communities had moderators and posts could be friend or community locked, people could easily gain social capital. 
  • See also: Cassie Claire and misscribe
  • On the other hand, authors like George RR Martin get Livejournals. 
  • Around this time was also the rise of forums. Again, moderators had a lot of power, as did certain users who would rise to the position of moderator. People rapidly gained and lost power, causing quick turnover in these parts of fandom. 
  • In 2002, due to legal concerns, fanfiction.net bans NC-17 fanfiction. 
  • Adultfanfiction.net is created to fill the void. For years, 13 year olds would pretend to be 18 to enter. Including myself. 
  • In 2005, fanfiction.net, again due to legal concerns, bans “choose your own adventure” and songfics. 
  • In 2007, Archive of Our Own is launched to further democratize fandom in response to fanfiction.net’s new stringent rules, offering writers a cleaner format, kudos, hit counters, and bookmarks. However, many older fandoms have not made the move. 
  • In 2007, tumblr is launched. It would take until 2010 for it to reach saturation on the internet, meaning that most fandoms which lived and died pre-2010 exist(ed) on Geocities, Yahoo Groups, independent archives, ff.net, etc. 
  • In 2009, Geocities is taken offline. Thousands mourn because they never backed up really old fic that they liked. 
  • In 2012, most major broadcasting companies have caught on to the fact that tumblr has democratized fandom to a degree of anarchy and mob mentality, and utilize it, since tumblr is unmoderated. 

And that’s what you missed on FANDOM EXISTED BEFORE TUMBLR, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. 

A useful overview. Worth remembering: astolat's original post about needing an archive of our own was a response not just to ff.net’s changed rules but to FanLib, “a commercially-owned, for-profit multifandom fanfic archive” (see previous link) owned and run by a couple of dudes with no connection to fandom who just wanted to profit from fan fiction.

saathi1013:

the-monae:

The Crown of 14 Towers

shut. upppp

(via madmaudlingoes)

dailydot:

Congratulations, gamer girls—you’re officially at the top of the food chain when it comes to games. A new study released by the Entertainment Software Association has revealed that adult women now occupy the largest demographic in the gaming industry. Women over 18 made up a whopping 36 percent of the gaming population, followed by adult men at 35 percent. 

(via whiteraven1606)

ero-miki:

Putting down confident girls is not feminism

shaming sex workers is not feminism

"I’m not like other girls" is not feminism

slut shaming is not feminism

shaming BDSM practitioners is not feminism

misandry is not feminism

ignoring trans women’s rights is not feminism

(via rogerwilsons)

theloppyone:

has this been done yet? if so it has now :P

theloppyone:

has this been done yet? if so it has now :P

(via innocent-smith)

fyeahforgottencomiccharacters:

Bygone Biographies of Forgotten Characters

The Bradley Family

The Bradley family are all heavily tied into the Captain America mythos even though they are only featured in a handful of issues.

Isaiah Bradley was a young American soldier married to Faith Shabazz-Bradley and had a infant daughter Sarah Gail Bradley during World War II. After Steve Rogers was lost and Dr. Erkstine was killed, the US government still wanted an army of super soldiers, so they forcibly recruited African American soldiers such as Isaiah to experiment on in an effort to recreate the Super Soldier Serum. Isaiah Bradley was the only one to survive the process and multiple missions. He later stole a Captain America costume and shield and stormed a Nazi camp. Isaiah Bradley was captured, rescued by German freedom fighters, and subsequently court-martialed and sentenced to life in prison for stealing the Cap costume and disobeying orders (and threatening the secrecy of the unethical governmental experiments).

Eventually, his wife Faith convinced the government to release him and allow them to live in secrecy, where they found that Isaiah’s mind had deteriorated to a child-like state due to side effects to the ill conceived Super Soldier Serum.

Also, Faith and Sarah were approached by a woman who claimed to be a surrogate for Isaiah and Faith’s new Super Soldier son (another unethical government experiment), to which the three of them had to abandon in an effort to preserve all of their safeties from further exploitation. The infant boy would later grow into Josiah Bradley/al hajj Saddiq aka Justice, who also uses a similar Captain America costume and shield to fight injustice. Josiah also visits the Bradley family quite often and the nun who raised him currently lives with him.

He joined War Machine and White Tiger to form a short lived superhero team.

Sarah Gail Bradley herself had five children: Eli aka Patriot, Stephanie, Litigious, and two unnamed daughters (I’ve named them Mariah and Layla). Only Eli premiers in several issues, becoming a superhero to preserve his grandfather and uncle’s legacy while continuing to remember the injustices done his family and others like him from atrocities committed to them behind government secrecy.

Their absence is felt especially since they are so important as the Bradley family are not only amazing Captain America characters but also they reflect real world atrocities by the American government that often go unnoticed. 

It’s been several years since the Bradley family has even been mentioned, and only in reference from Young Avengers authors claiming they ‘don’t have any stories for him’.

(via madmaudlingoes)

sayahomu:

for chronikou

some of these resources aren’t targeted writers, but i included them because they are useful tools in understanding how disabled people live

disabled characters in general

How to Write Disabled Characters

Tips for Researching and Respectfully Writing Disabled Characters

Combating Stereotypes: Why Movies About ‘the Disabled’ Stink

Big Ideas: Stella Young On Disability & Inspiration Porn

The Spoon Theory 

fellow writers and artists who are creating characters who belong to marginalized groups you are not a part of

What is Ableism? Five Things About Ableism You Should Know

physically disabled characters

Top Fifteen Things Not to Say or Do to a Physically Disabled Person

Some Thoughts on “Physically Disabled Protagonists”

autistic characters

Writing autistic characters

Mental age is not acceptable (applies to people with learning disorders or other cognitive disabilities too)

Against “mental age”

Infantilization or Not?

15 Things You Should Never Say To An Autistic

The Problem With Functioning Labels

Television on the Spectrum: The Best (and Worst) Depictions of Asperger Syndrome on TV

mentally ill characters

Character Development: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Brief Advice on How to Write Depression: Imagination and Research

psychopathy and why everything you think about it is wrong and terrible (the author of that post says that fang is willing to answer any questions on the subject)

the DSM-5 

my own thoughts

if i had to write a ten commandments for writing disabled characters they would probably be:

  • don’t reduce them solely to their disability, but also don’t act like their disability is separate from who they are (if you have multiple disabled characters though, it’s fine for them to feel like this is true for them personally). develop them as a person with likes, dislikes, etc.
  • don’t use them to ‘inspire’ people because they’re disabled and are able to ‘overcome’ it.
  • don’t cure their disability in the story. please, please, please.
  • don’t pull a JK Rowling. explicitly state that they are disabled within the story proper. otherwise it’s not really representation at all.
  • don’t rely heavily on things that people who are not part of the group have written about disabled people, if possible. if you do, you may end up regurgitating some really gross ideas. (avoid Autism Speaks resources like the plague.)
  • don’t have other characters describe the character as ‘trapped in their own body/world’ or better off dead, unless you will have someone else confront that character about what they said.
  • don’t act like the only obstacles they face are from their disability. show how the social and legal stigmas against disability affects their lives too.

(via madmaudlingoes)

(via madmaudlingoes)

In the 1890s, when Freud was in the dawn of his career, he was struck by how many of his female patients were revealing childhood [sexual] victimization to him. Freud concluded that child sexual abuse was one of the major causes of emotional disturbances in adult women and wrote a brilliant and humane paper called “The Aetiology of Hysteria.” However, rather than receiving acclaim from his colleagues for his ground-breaking insights, Freud met with scorn. He was ridiculed for believing that men of excellent reputation (most of his patients came from upstanding homes) could be perpetrators of incest.
Within a few years, Freud buckled under this heavy pressure and recanted his conclusions. In their place he proposed the “Oedipus complex,” which became the foundation of modern psychology… Freud used this construct to conclude that the episodes of abuse his clients had revealed to him had never taken place; they were simply fantasies of events the women had wished for… This construct started a hundred-year history in the mental health field of blaming victims for the abuse perpetrated on them and outright discrediting of women’s and children’s reports of mistreatment by men.

― Lundy Bancroft

(via proletarianprincess)

read this carve it into your brains permanently etch it into your skulls r e a d  t h i s

(via miss-mizi)

This then became the pseudo-scientific justification behind the myth that rape/incest victims were ‘asking for it’.

(via madmaudlingoes)

(via madmaudlingoes)

questionall:

Thanks to US Uncut for this! BREAKING: Detroit’s unelected emergency manager, Kevyn Orr, has just relinquished control of the Detroit Water and Sewage Department, which is now back in the hands of the people. It’s expected the mayor and city council will approve a water affordability plan that caps a household’s water bill at no more than 3 percent of their income. Read more: http://abcn.ws/XavyWZ Thanks to groups like the Detroit Water Brigade for the weeks of ongoing pressure to stop the shutoffs! Direct action gets the goods. Read their statement on this victory here: http://bit.ly/1o9yqbT

(via madmaudlingoes)

32,975

That’s the number of arrest warrants issued in Ferguson last year for nonviolent crimes. Compare that to the population of 21,135 people.

Ferguson is making bank off its own citizens

(via thinksquad)

(via liberalsarecool)